Monday, August 24, 2020
Marketable strategy - Essay Example to everything throughout everyday life: whatever is quick requires something moderate, it accentuates yin and yang balance, an unwinding, static and dynamic binding.Tai Chi Center will attempt to assist individuals with engrossing information from our precursors, and comprehend the knowledge to locate a sound and glad way of life, and offer them with others. The motivation behind the Tai Chi Center is to help individuals intrigued by its practices to enjoymental and wellbeing benefits.The Tai Chi Center will likewise connect with the remainder of the network. It will likewise fill in as an extension to help individuals from various nations find out about the way of life of Tai Chi and integrateChinese culture toAmerican culture. Besides, theTCC will develop brilliant competitors to take an interest in worldwide rivalry to win national renown andpromote theculture of Tai Chi. At the point when individuals practice Tai Chi, they can improve heart wellbeing (unique for individuals with a background marked by coronary corridor disease);promote cardiovascular capacity and vitality metabolism;increase the capacity to oppose malady; assuage mental stressto forestall the event of physiological disorders;improve more established people groups disposition, thinking, character, memory, and movement dependability, and can improve everyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s nature of rest. The TCC can accomplish these objectives with three significant angles: To comprehend what is the inception of Tai Chi, individuals ought to comprehend the importance of Tai Chi. Yoga is taixu. The world Ã¢â¬Å"taiÃ¢â¬ represents total incomprehensibility. The other word,Ã¢â¬Å"ChiÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"qiÃ¢â¬ , implies vacancy. In this manner, taixu portrays the earth of vacancy where there is a void. In any case, it is in this void there is the genuine presence of qi( interior vitality). This sort of vitality comes to all over and changes of the universe and genuine main impetus of all development simply like air we inhale to endure. Yoga is an approach to depict the development of yang (positive vitality) when qi is moving, and the settlement of yin (negative vitality) when qi remains unmoving. This is the
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Accordion violations papers Prejudice and isolation among various races occurred since the very beginning, Accordion Crimes by E. Annie Proulx investigates a comparable circumstance of new migrants coming to America looking for a superior life otherwise called the American dream yet before long acknowledge what its everything about. The story spreads over around 100 years. The existence that outsiders were living was troublesome. Bigotry and separation was a piece of consistently life, it tends to be entirely like what Muslims need to experience since the disaster of September 11, 2001 that changed the world for ever. At the point when new coming Italians showed up to United-States, they were completely observed as a component of some mafia, speculation was rebuffing those that had nothing to do with it like the Muslims today. What should be possible to stop scorn between races? The simple answer is training, yet that is not by any means the only arrangement. So as to reproduce the universe of new settlers coming to America Proulx didnt utilize customary story style however rather attempted to utilize discontinuity style by not giving full total stories which didnt connection to each other with the exception of the accordion which was passed from family to family. By the going of the accordion we can perceive what went on in various houses (families) since he was a piece of them for a second. We have a sentiment of brutality in every story; in pretty much every story the completion completes in a fierce manner; when Felix gets killed by a Japanese bomb, broken necks, fender benders and respiratory failures. What those models shows is that for the most part in poor situations the savagery is increasingly present then in rich and high taught neighborhoods. This is a demonstrated reality, so when the network shows the camps of Bin Laden, lets not be tricked the explanation is that those individuals a raised like that from a youthful age to abhor America or United states. That is when instruction assumes a focal job. By not being accomplished, their data is controlled ... <!
Friday, July 17, 2020
I Have Feelings About Henry James In a little over a week, well mark 99 years since Henry James died. And Id like to say a few words. Oh, Henry James, I have such complicated FEELINGS about you. Im trying to remember which of your novels was my firsthmmmI think it was The Portrait of a Lady. I must admit, I was impressed. This is the kind of long, encompassing novel that you could read while sitting in a comfy sofa chair and suddenly its three hours later and youre really hungry and cramped and wow you still have 300 pages to go. But it was worth it. I think I was 15 or 16 when I read that, and since I liked to read a bunch of novels by the same author in a row, I turned to The Golden Bowl. A little strange, a little less enjoyable, but still beautifully written and engrossing. A few years later came The American, Daisy Miller, and The Turn of the Screw, all of which I liked. And when I say liked, I mean that I was glad I had read these novels, and appreciated Jamess distinctively subtle and elegant style. But I didnt love his novels like I love the novels of Edith Wharton, Thomas Mann, or Arthur C. Clarke. When I read James, I always had the nagging thought that I should be sitting with good posture in a really uncomfortable embroidered heirloom chair, stuffed into an ugly dress, and sipping tea. And did I mention how cool I think his brother, William, was? Dude pioneered the discipline and study of psychology in the United States and wrote fascinating essays about science, art, religion, and superstition. But I digress. I entered college, and from that point until the end of grad school, I was plunged into the Turn of the Screw pit, by which I mean I couldnt take or teach a course on American literature that didnt in some way discuss that slim, horrifying novella. That, and The Yellow Wallpaper. Both astonishing texts, but they need a break. And yet, I somehow never tired of Turn of the Screw, and enjoyed teasing out all the hints and winks that James buried in it. And then I read The Ambassadors. I shudder, I grow pale, I feel my stomach twist in knots of dread and horror. I despised that book with every inch of my being while reading it and immediately after. Now, its just a dull anger. Why did I feel so strongly about this unutterably obnoxious novel? Well, part of the problem was my own refusal to DNF ANYTHING. I forced myself to read almost every single book that I started, back in those days, because apparently I was a book-masochist. When I realized, about a quarter of the way through, that I was really hating this example of late Henry James, I decided to keep at it, and finish the story despite everything. Id show that Henry. Why did I hate it? James plunged me so deeply into the minds of his characters that I realized I was following their convoluted thought-patterns and neuroses as though they were in my own head. James raised this kind of intense omniscient focalization to a whole new level. I couldnt take it. These characters just sat around ruminating and ruminating and thinking and contradicting themselves and second-guessing their every thought and move that it DROVE. ME. CRAY. ZEE. Dont get me wrong- I appreciated the virtuosity of Jamess writing, and the evolution of his technique. But this kind of overly-intense examination of not-very-likeable characters turned me off. I read The Ambassadors on my own during a college break, which means it was over a decade ago. Maybe if I read it again, Ill feel differently. Maybe. After all, I have re-read novels Ive hated years later and suddenly loved them. So if The Ambassadors is one of your favorite novels, you have two choices: you can either take to the comments and rip my reading taste a new one, or you can convince me to give the book a second chance. Thank you. *bows, leaves podium* ____________________ Follow us on Twitter for more bookish goodness!
Thursday, May 21, 2020
Tesla Motors was founded in 2003 by a group of engineers in Silicon Valley who wanted to prove that electric cars could be better than gasoline-powered cars. The founders are JB Straubel, Martin Eberhand, Ian Wright, Elon Musk, and Marc Tarpenning. Tesla Motors is headquartered in Palo Alto, California in the United States and serves electric vehicles worldwide. Revenue of $4.05B, Operating income of $-716.6M, Net income of $-888.7M, Total assets of $2.68B, and total equity of $2.68B. TeslaÃ¢â¬â¢s mission is to accelerate the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s transition to sustainable energy. Tesla first designed a powertrain for a sports car built around an AC induction motor, patented in 1888 by Nikola Tesla. After years of correcting the system and making sure that electric vehicles are safe on the road, tesla announced the making of Tesla Roadster that was launched in 2008. Accelerating from 0 to 60 mph in 3.7 seconds and achieving range of 245 miles per charge of its lithium ion battery. Electric motors generate maximum torque at 0 mph; while gasoline powered engines generate torque at higher speeds. This sets forth the evolution for electric vehicles and ought to be the most driven cars in the future. In 2012, Tesla launched model S, the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s first premium electric sedan. Model S is designed from the ground up to be 100 percent electric and the safest, most exhilarating sedan on the road. Model S comes with autopilot capabilities designed to make your highway driving not only safer, but stressShow MoreRelatedBackground Information On Tesla Motors1428 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesInformation on Tesla Motors Tesla Motors was incorporated in July 2003 by Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning, who financed the company until the Series A round of funding. Both men played active roles in the company s early development prior to Elon Musk s involvement. Tesla was founded in 2003 by engineers who had a mission to change the way the we thought of cars, and to convince our world that we can produce an electric car better than gasoline powered cars. In 1888 Nikola Tesla invented theRead MoreTesla Motor : Sustainable Development1441 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMarket Society 12/December/2014 Tesla Motor--Sustainable Industry The world is calling to the urgency of making progress toward economic development that could be sustained without depleting natural resources or harming the environment. Ã¢â¬Å"The term sustainable development means different things to different people. But, in essence, it is concerned with meeting the needs of people today without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needsÃ¢â¬ (World Business Council for SustainableRead MoreTesla Motors, Inc. Essay1614 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAs a young automotive company, Tesla Motors, Inc. exhibits a list of strengths that has made the company successful with manufacturing and selling of their luxury electric vehicles (Eisler, 2016, p. 35). Tesla Motors, Inc. has a technological advantage in the battery market industry with their partnership with Panasonic. Panasonic and Tesla collaborated in the development of the Gigafactory, which Ã¢â¬Å"is designed to churn out cells for battery electric vehicles (BEVs) with a combined energy storageRead MoreTesla s Concept Of Innovation1105 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesdiscuss Tesla, a company committed to more than being an automaker as it is also a technology and design company with a concentration on energy innovation. TeslaÃ¢â¬â¢s concept of innovation and goals can come to relate to global business. For example, the innovation and entrepreneurship of Tesla and its CEO Elon Musk are the types of attributes that contribute to economic growth. Tesla specifically is increasing economic activity by increasing growth by creating new products and markets. Tesla needs andRead MoreRadical Innovators And Disruptive Entrepreneurs Have Historically Been The Biggest Drivers Of Societal Advancement1646 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesentrepreneur Elon Musk has and is changing the world. Central Idea: Elon MuskÃ¢â¬â¢s incredibly successful ventures including Tesla and PayPal have already shaped history and changed the fields of transportation, space exploration, and sustainable energy, and will continue to do so. Introduction: I. Radical innovators and disruptive entrepreneurs have historically been the biggest drivers of societal advancement and have been responsible for shaping the world. Henry Ford did it in 1908 with the Ford ModelRead MorePaper7261 Words Ã |Ã 30 PagesTesla Motors Strategic Analysis Report Industry, Company Analysis and Recommendations on Accelerating Transition to a Solar-Electric Economy By Candela DÃ az, Michelle Ikoma, Benton Moss, John Son, David Valenstein Introduction The United States automobile industry is one characterized by incumbent behemoth corporations whose distribution channels span the world. Companies like Toyota, General Motors, and Volkswagen form entire segments of their respective countriesÃ¢â¬â¢ economies and have dominatedRead MoreGoing Green - Tesla Motor Sports3048 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pages| Rashanna Etenburn | BUSI 510 Ã¢â¬â Managerial Economics | | Executive Summary Tesla Motors is among the top 25 companies Ã¢â¬Å"going greenÃ¢â¬ for our economy. Tesla motors is a venture aimed at proving that cars can be environmentally friendly, without giving up the speed and power, purchasers love. The cost of running this amazing, green driving machine is a mere 2 cents per mile. (Ryan, 2008) Tesla Motors is a company looking to produce a high-performance electric sports car, and is backed byRead MoreTesla, A Visionary Leader Of Elon Musk Essay1622 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesExecutive Summary Tesla is a one of kind innovative organization with a truly visionary leader in Elon Musk. However, after extensive research, Tesla is found to lack the stability and management style that an industry leading company would normally posess that will continue to grow and thrive in the future. Sustainable growth and profit for shareholders will be necessary to continue to innovate and Ã¢â¬Å"to accelerate the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s transition to sustainable energy.Ã¢â¬ Through more tactical managementRead MoreTesla and Gm Proposed Merger9214 Words Ã |Ã 37 PagesRedlands Capstone Paper General Motors and Tesla Merger Juan Carrillo, Shane Cheek, Jeffrey Haynes, and Peter Delacruz February 23, 2013 Dear Fellow Shareholders: A meeting of Shareholders is scheduled for Saturday, February 23, 2013. Enclosed is a copy of our proxy statement. At this meeting of shareholders, the Board of Directors will be seeking approval to acquire Tesla Motors. The Board of Directors believes that this merger will provide General Motors revenue, growth, and competitiveRead MoreThe Development And Usefulness Of The Electric Car1224 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEvery year the US spends billions of dollars on the oil industry which is an immense contribution to our massive debt. The oil industry also contributes to many of the problems that the world has with global warming and drastic climate change. If the United States became a country that only used electric cars, the world would be a much more pure, safe, stable place to live in. As America continues to drown itself in an overwhelming amount of debt, the electric car is an invention that could decrease
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
MiltonÃ¢â¬â¢s Paradise Lost has been praised as being the greatest English epic of all time, most stunningly in its authors depiction of the parents of humanity, Adam and Eve. How Milton chose to portray the original mother and father has been a focus of much criticism with contemporary readers. One of the main subjects of these comments is in reference to Eve, who, according to many, is a trivial character that is most definitely inferior to her mate. Nonetheless, many do not recognize that, after the fateful Fall, she becomes a much more evolved character. When Eve is introduced to the storyline of the epic, her character is shallow and extremely undeveloped, meant simply for display. She is quite firmly set as being inferior to her mateÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦He does this because the scene happens in the past and therefore he uses her to discuss it rather than confusing the reader with a flashback type scene. He also has Eve relate what happened to prove that Eve must ind eed be beautiful if she herself was taken by her looks as she discusses how she Ã¢â¬Å"pined with vain desireÃ¢â¬ (IV, 466) for the image of her reflection. In fact, EveÃ¢â¬â¢s beauty is discussed repeatedly. For example, when Satan first sees the human couple, he is overtaken by EveÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"beauty and submissive charmsÃ¢â¬ (IV, 498). Milton even goes so far to stress her beauty and charms as to have her stun Satan himself with it. Actually, as Satan is on his mission to seduce Eve into eating the apple, her beauty overtakes him. If chance with nymphlike step fair virgin pass, What pleasing seemed, for her now pleases more, She most, and in her looks sums all delight; Such pleasure took the Serpent to behold This flowery plant, the sweet recess of Eve Thus early, thus alone; her heavenly form Angelic, but more soft and feminine, Her graceful innocence, her every air Of gesture or least action, overawed His malice, and with rapine sweet bereaved His fierceness of the fierce intent it brought. That space the Evil One abstracted stood From his own evil, and for the time remained Stupidly good, of enmity disarmed, Of guile, of hate, of envy, of revenge. (IX, 452-466) Thus Milton creates an EveShow MoreRelatedA Discussion of MiltonÃ¢â¬â¢s Theodicy in Paradise Lost745 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesWhat is free will? Milton explains in Paradise Lost that free will is the answer to the justification of Gods ways to man. There are three parts, or triangle, of theodicy, they are that God is all powerful, all good, yet there are still bad things that happen. Milton wrote to explain and justify why there are still bad things even though God is all good, and all powerful. MiltonÃ¢â¬â¢s answer to this is that there is all good and all power, but the bad is not GodÃ¢â¬â¢s fault. Milton has three key ideas toRead MoreEssay about Miltons Paradise Lost1123 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMiltons Paradise Lost From the War in Heaven through the fall of man in Paradise Lost, Satans weapon at every point is some form of fraud (Anderson, 135). Miltons Paradise Lost explains the biblical story of Adam and Eve. Although the epic is similar to the Bible story in many ways, Miltons character structure of Satan differs from that of the Bibles version. Milton describes the characters as the way he believes they are throughout the epic. In book two of ParadiseRead MoreJohn Miltons Theodicy in Paradise Lost595 Words Ã |Ã 2 PagesParadise Lost is an epic of John Milton, a seventeenth century English author, known for being the greatest reader in English history. The poem goes back to the beginning of time and tells of the rebellion of Satan and his followers, the war in that took place in heaven, and the defeat of Satan. The story also tells of the creation of the world, the life of Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden, and their loss of everything when they give into the temptations of Satan in the form of a reptile. It endsRead MoreTheodicy in John Miltons Paradise Lost792 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesJohn Miltons theodicy in Paradise Lost is an attempt to justify the ways of God to men. Many ask how God could let someone as innocent as a child die in a horrible way. How could a God that is all loving and all powerful let something like that happen? He answers this using the fall of Mankind as the trigger point. Cordelia Zukerman and Thomas H. Luxon, The dominance of these themes comes from the fact that Milton is writing about the first humans on earth, humans who have no history and no wayRead More Miltons Satan in Paradise Lost Essay1783 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesMiltons Satan in Paradise Lost After researching Satan and his kingdom, Hell, through the Bible and Paradise Lost to compare and contrast the two characterizations, I realized that Milton must have been a true Bible scholar. MiltonÃ¢â¬â¢s Satan is described so closely to the Biblical view of Satan that it is often times hard to distinguish the two. Milton changed and elaborated on a few characteristics of his Satan and his Hell in order to create Paradise Lost, but based his characterization andRead More Adam in Miltons Paradise Lost Essay1603 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAdam in Paradise Lost: Fates Ruler - and Subject A central problem in John Miltons Paradise Lost in the theological issue of free will versus fate, a traditionally much-debated question. Free will is the condition of having control or direction over fate or destiny; the individual shapes his life and future through his actions. The opposing view, complete lack of free will (made famous by John Calvin), is predestination, which expresses the idea that our futures have been foreseen longRead More John Miltons Paradise Lost Essay1848 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesJohn Miltons Paradise Lost Freedom (free will) is the absence of imposed behavior. Individual freedom is obviously attractive, but when there is real freedom of choice, the wrong choice is the one that is made - such as the choice made by Satan who although he can be admired for his having dared to rebel against the norm, is not heroic for having chosen to plot against God. Free will was given to man in order to be able to choose the faith since in the absence of free will, there isRead MoreHumanism in John Miltons Paradise Lost2072 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesthe greatest Puritan poet and the first English revolutionary poet in the 17th century. MiltonÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ËParadise LostÃ¢â¬â¢, written during the last stage of his life and being one of the poetÃ¢â¬â¢s greatest creations, covers the ideas of humanism most deeply and widely. Since the admiration and significance of antiquity are ones of the essential concepts of humanism, it appears that this ideology is revealed in Ã¢â¬ËParadise LostÃ¢â¬â¢ by imitating epic style of Greek and Roman poets. Starting the epic poem from the invocationRead MoreJohn Miltons Paradise Lost863 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesParadise Lost is a story of Genesis told as it normally would be, but with a protagonist focus on Satan. The story is told largely with Satan being favorably portrayed and God having little presence other than cursing things, which convinces the audience that SatanÃ¢â¬â¢s view of God as a tyrant may not be too far off. Still, Satan is portrayed as the villain of the story. However, he has characteristics of a classical hero; including flaws that make the audience relate to and feel sympathy for him. ByRead MoreShellys Frankenstein and Miltons Paradise Lost Essay1136 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesFrankenstein, and his creation of a monster set apart from all worldly crea tures. Frankensteins creation parallels Miltons Paradise Lost and Gods creation of man; Victor Frankenstein is symbolic of God and the monster is symbolic of Adam. The parallel emphasizes the moral limitations of mankind through Victor Frankenstein and the disjunction and correlation with Paradise Lost. Shelly links the two stories together through Victors creation of the monster and his fall from humanity which
The Romanesque style transformed into the Gothic style during the Middle Ages. This happened for many reasons. The Romanesque period was a time of trial and error while the Gothic period was a time of advancements in inventions. We will write a custom essay sample on Gothic and Romanesque Cathedrals or any similar topic only for you Order Now Religion was an important factor in the shift between Romanesque and Gothic. The locations of the two types of cathedrals also contributed toward the change between Romanesque and Gothic, as well as the power of the relics and the community to raise funds for the Gothic cathedrals. There are several reasons the architecture of the cathedral changed from Romanesque to Gothic in the Middle Ages. The Romanesque period lasted from 1000 to 1200 AD. TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s France was the center of Romanesque architecture and the birthplace of one of the most beutiful features of medieval architecture, the ambulatory with radiating chapels. Ã¢â¬Å"Romanesque is the name we give to christian architecture in Western Europe from the end of the Roman Empire to about the close of the twelfth century. Prevalent from the 9th through 12th centuries CE, Romanesque architecture combined the influences of Roman and Byzantine styles. The style was named, in the 1800s, because one of its key features, the barrel vault, resembled the classical Roman arch. The use of barrel vaults allowed for huge interior spaces built entirely of stone. But that also meant the roofs were extremely heavy, so the walls had to be tremendously thick to prevent buckling. Strong walls also meant fewer windows, so the insides of Romanesque churches often look dim and feel like fortresses. Gothic architecture began in the mid-12th century with the intention of making churches look like heaven: soaring, colorful, and bright. The biggest difference from the preceeding Romanesque style was the use of flying buttresses. These support structures or towers, set off from the main walls and attached by arches, and displaced the pressure from the roof outward. Essentially, this meant the buildings could get taller, walls could get thinner, and there could be a lot of windows, which were often stained glass. Gothic churches have huge, ornate, petaled round windows called rose windows. They also are much pointier than their Romanesque predecessors, with pointed arches and tall spires (instead of blunt towers) characterizing the style. How to cite Gothic and Romanesque Cathedrals, Papers
Saturday, April 25, 2020
Introduction Manufacturing companies are involved in the business of developing products from rudimentary materials.Advertising We will write a custom case study sample on Materials Requirement Planning at Space Age Furniture specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In this paper, the author evaluates Space Age Furniture as a model manufacturing company. The author analyzes the concept of Materials Requirement Planning (MRP) and how it fits into the manufacturing spectrum. To this end, an MRP that is ideal for Space Age Furniture is developed. A critical analysis of the case study reveals that the efficiency of Space Age Furniture as a manufacturing company can be improved through the adoption of a functional MRP. Consequently, the various elements of the recommended system are highlighted in this paper. Specifically, the author will start by developing an MRP for Space Age Furniture Company. The system will be formulated using the inform ation provided in the case study. Secondly, the author will recommend strategies that can be used to enhance sub-assemblies. To this end, lot sizes of one thousand will be used as the yardstick. In addition, the author will analyze how overtime and inventory expenditures are related. An innovative MRP will be determined. The aim is to enhance the base figure used by Space Age. A comparison between manufacturing processes will be made. The comparative analysis will be used to identify the recommended mode of operation. The comparison will be followed by a review of strategies that can used to monitor operations. Finally, the author will propose transformations that may benefit the company. The alterations are aimed at enhancing value for the consumer. MRP for Space Age Furniture Company Developing an MRP requires three main elements. The Bill of Materials (BOM), Master Production Schedule (MPS), and Gross Requirements are the constituent elements of an ideal MRP (Vonderembse White, 2013). In line with this, the following is the recommended MRP for Space Age Furniture:Advertising Looking for case study on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Table 1 Recommended MRP for Space Age Furniture WEEK ITEM 1 2 3 4 5 6 Gemini 600 400 700 500 400 600 Saturn 300 400 400 600 300 300 Ways of Improving Sub-Assemblies The quality of production for a given product is determined by the performance of the sub-assembly unit. According to Li and Li (2000), most manufacturing companies make use f the mixed model assembly line. From the case study, it is evident that the two sub-assemblies are development with the help of one machine. Consequently, Space Age wishes to reduce change over time. The objective will be achieved by setting a limit of 1,000 units per batch. However, it is important to note that the capacity of the equipment has not been compromised in any way. In this regard, the best way to improve the performance is to eliminate wastage in the production time. The first step in improving the efficiency involves configurations. Vonderembse and White (2013) point out to the fact that sub-assemblies do not require complex configurations. Vonderembse and White (2013) suggest that the efficiency of a sub-assembly is realised when the lot volume moves faster. To this end, the machining process should reduce edges on part. In addition there needs to be a reduction in the parts that are loaded. Essentially, simplifying the configurations is a sure way of improving the performance of the respective sub-assemblies. A manufacturing company always has plenty of sub-assemblies for Ã¢â¬ËreuseÃ¢â¬â¢ purposes. In this regard, efficiency can be enhanced through Ã¢â¬Ësaving as partÃ¢â¬â¢ (Li Li, 2000). When a procedure is saved as part the entire sub-assembly is perceived as a single unit.Advertising We will write a custom case study sample on Materials Requirement Plann ing at Space Age Furniture specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More According to Vonderembse and White (2013), this technique helps to eliminate unwanted details in the manufacturing process, thereby improving on the performance. Finally, removing all degrees of freedom is an almost certain technique in which the performance of the sub-assemblies can be realized. Li and Li (2000) argue that in most cases, sub-assemblies require addition of mates. In this regard, the nuts and bolts are always locked down. MRP requires a system that ensures complete mating of the areas that require the technique. Such a move eliminates the minus signs that emerge after the procedure has been carried out. Improving the Base MRP Existing MRPs are improved by incorporating additional elements in the computations. Under such circumstances, Vonderembse and White (2013) argue that the base MRP can be improved by obtaining the total number of stands made per week. The improvement is reflected in table 2 below: Table 2 Improving base MRP WEEK ITEM 1 2 3 4 5 6 Gemini 600 400 700 500 400 600 Saturn 300 400 400 600 300 300 Week 1= 600 + 300 = 900Advertising Looking for case study on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Week 2= 400 + 400 = 800 Week 3=700 + 400 = 1100 Week 4= 500 + 600 = 1100 Week 5= 400 + 300 = 700 Week 6= 600 + 300 = 900 The Trade-off between Overtime Costs and Inventory Costs An analysis of the trade-off between overtime and inventory costs is an avenue through which manufacturing companies satisfy their stochastic demands. According to Hamraz, Caldwell, and Clarkson (2013), manufacturing companies are required to meet the unmet demand through overtime production. Consequently, the cost trickles down to the inventory since the excess demand requires labor and materials to be produced. The case study cites Ed Szewczak, an employee, who earns $22 per hour. According to Vonderembse and White (2013), the figure translates to a 50% premium for any overtime work. From the case study, it is clear that production of section 3079 is unique. To this end, the process does not have a set-up time. However, the company has managed to ensure that normal processing does not exceed 0.03 hours for each item. Based on the estimates in the case study the inventory cost translates to $0.25 per week. There is also the expenditure associated with individual subassembly in accounts. The cost is $0.75 per unit per week (Vonderembse White, 2013). The analysis reveals that expenditure on overtime translates to increases in those associated with inventory. According to Hamraz et al. (2013), manufacturing firms can realize a reduced inventory costs by including a miscellaneous budget for when the demand exceeds the normal supply. Organizations that determine a blend between their inventory and overtime costs tend to perform better in a dynamic market. In this regard, Space Age Furniture is keen on improving their performance in this regard. As previously mentioned, the company has managed to ensure that normal processing does not exceed 0.03 hours per unit. Towards this end, the trade-off for overtime in favour of inventory costs becomes necessary. According to the MRP developed, it i s clear that the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s major inventory costs is with respect to the numerous components required of the two stands (Vonderembse White, 2013). The inventory costs will ultimately go high given the single employee who has to work overtime. However, the base MRP needs to be re-evaluated to ensure that the cost remains within the workable limits Types of Production Processing Companies that engage in manufacturing are placed with the burden of transforming raw materials into viable products. In this regard, the element of production processing requires an analysis. According to Vonderembse and White (2013), there are three main types of production processing. The three include a job shop, batch, repetitive or continuous production. The efficiency of an organization is realized once the primary mode of operation in a plant is established. Consequently, an analysis of the respective production processing types is necessary. Job Shop Llewellyn and Tappin (2003) provides a worki ng definition of this concept. The definition is in relation to the application of the term in a manufacturing company. To this end, the concept is defined as a small manufacturing network. Once a specific task is completed, a job shop can carry out a different assignment from a totally different customer (Llewellyn Tappin, 2003). Job shops are characterized by machines depending on the available skill set. Consequently, this type of production processing is seen as being flexible since machines can handle multiple tasks. Batch There are manufacturing companies which carry out automated tasks without any manual interference. According to Llewellyn and Tappin (2003), such a technique is referred to as the batch process. In such cases, the production line is fed with a series of instructions to ensure that certain tasks are carried out without any form of human intervention. Vonderembse and White (2013) argue that the batch technique brings about better results when it comes to produ ction. The technique is able to produce high volumes of products. Repetitive Production During the manufacturing cycle, companies can produce a series of identical products. Such a technique is referred to as repetitive production (Vonderembse White, 2013). Companies that have adopted a repetitive production technique realise a reduced cost of inventory. A reduced inventory translates to low production costs. However, the establishment of a primary mode of production is the best avenue to evaluate the cost of production for a given commodity. Primary Mode of Production The three types of production processes provide the basis of how manufacturing companies operate. Nevertheless, the job shop is seen as the primary mode of production. According to Vonderembse and White (2013), the primary mode of production is where the major processing takes place. Of the three outlined, the job shop appears to the primary mode of production. The argument is supported by the fact that a job shop is responsible for the production of various parts albeit repeatedly (Vonderembse White, 2013). The batch and repetitive production are both crucial in hastening the production processes. However, Heim, Peng, and Shekhar (2013) describe a job shop as the main unit of production. Heim et al. (2013) argue that a job shop can produce any product en masse. In this regard, the primary mode of production should be seen from the basis of the content that is produced rather than the time taken. Keeping Track of Job Status and Location during Production Operation management entails the activities and procedures that evaluate the entire production process. Vonderembse and White (2013) point out that the job status and locations are essential in evaluating the efficiency of a production line. In this regard, a production plan comes in handy. To this end, the job status becomes well defined in the event that a company comes up with a production plan. The firm has just adopted an MRP system. The application has lowered inventory costs. Keeping track of the job status improves on-time deliveries. The job status in a manufacturing company entails the phase of production of a product. In the case of Space Age Furniture, everything in the master schedule is being produced for customer orders, so all products are shipped almost immediately (Vonderembse White, 2013). In this regard, the job status would be establishing the phase in which the respective components are produced. The use of tracking software allows the management to effectively establish the procedures of manufacturing. The job status allows a company to establish the inventory and demands. To this end, there needs to be an effective inventory audit to ensure that all the production phases are carried out within the necessary timelines. According to MacCarthy, Wilson, and Crawford (2001), the location of a product is essential in determining the delivery times to the consumer. Consequently, estimating the location can also take the form of computer software. Automated monitoring techniques are essential in estimating and managing the location of a given product. Automation is cost effective and fast. Recommended Changes The case study by Space Age Furniture Company alludes to the fact that two of its products (the Saturn microwave stand and the Gemini TV stand) have a component that requires machining. Changes may be made to the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s operations on the basis of these indications. According to Vonderembse and White (2013), the components are prepared on a special lathe. The main problem was the overtime in which the machinist had to work to ensure efficient delivery of the two stands. The ideal solution in that regard would be the hiring of another machinist alongside another lathe (Vonderembse White, 2013). Manufacturing companies optimise their performance when there are multiple machines that can carry out a given function. In this regard, the recommendation to acquire an additi onal machine and an extra employee would greatly improve on the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s performance. Heim et al. (2013) argue that asset acquisition is expensive especially when it comes to manufacturing. Consequently, the company can opt for an outsourcing program. Outsourcing helps to minimise the cost of production. As already mentioned, the major problem emerges when a single employee has to work overtime to produce more products. To this end, Llewellyn and Tappin (2003) argue that overtime costs can be avoided when a company decides to take advantage of the various shifts throughout the day. Evidently, the two stands are essential towards developing the various products of Space Age Furniture. Towards this end, the company can transfer the additional employee to a new shift to avoid the overtime costs. Such a move will greatly improve on the quality of service delivery. Conclusion At the beginning of this discussion it was stated that MRP is essential to realise effective performance of a manufacturing endeavour. According to Vonderembse and White (2013), MRP helps to improve the production line of an organization. The discussion reveals that the job shop is the primary mode of production. To this end, the MRP developed for Space Age Furniture is essential in determining the materials required for the production. However, there is need for further research on this subject to establish the appropriate criteria of developing MRP. Nevertheless the current paper has demonstrated that indeed MRP is critical to the improvement of the production efficiency. Companies with high inventory costs can always readjust their base MRP computations. References Hamraz, B., Caldwell, N., Clarkson, J. (2013). A holistic categorization framework for literature on engineering change management. Systems Engineering, 16(4), 473-505. Heim, G., Peng, X., Shekhar, J. (2013). Longitudinal analysis of inhibitors of manufacturer delivery performance. Decision Sciences, 45(6), 1117-1158. L i, H., Li, L. (2000). Integrating systems concepts into manufacturing information sciences. Systems Research and Behavioral Science, 17(2), 135-147. Llewellyn, S., Tappin, E. (2003). Strategy in the public sector: Management in the wilderness. Journal of Management Studies, 40(4), 955-982. MacCarthy, B., Wilson, J., Crawford, S. (2001). Human performance in manufacturing and service industries. Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing Service Industries, 11(4), 299-320. Vonderembse, M., White, G. (2013). Operations management. San Diego: Bridgepoint Education, Inc. This case study on Materials Requirement Planning at Space Age Furniture was written and submitted by user Silas Richards to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. 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